Some people won’t believe that the Javanese or Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is going to extinct. The fact is that it’s happening. The other name of this animal is a one-horned rhino. It’s believed to be the rarest species on this planet. The IUCN has put them on the red list. That means they are critically endangered. In fact, there are less than 55 Javan rhinos in the wild. In Indonesia, there’s conservation for this species. It’s located in Ujung Kulon, Java Island. The government has done the best things to protect the rhino.
The Conservation of Javan Rhino
What about Javan rhino habitat? In the past, they lived near to mountains in West Java. A few decades earlier, there were 20 rhinos in Ujung Kulon National Park. Thanks to the conservation. The number increased over time. Today, there are about 50 rhinos in this area. Their numbers haven’t increased since then. Perhaps it’s caused by a carrying capacity limit. That means the rhinos require need habitats. Even though the national park is able to protect the rhinos from diseases and natural disasters, it can’t carry more rhinos.
The government has been looking for an ideal habitats for Javan rhinos. These include Sancang reserve, Halimun-Salak, Baduy forest, etc. According to Javan rhino facts, there are many threats to this species. For example, there’s poaching. Thanks to the law. There are no poaching incidents recently. The government has created an effective law to prevent such issue. However, there are other threats such as natural disasters and reduced genetic diversity. Both of them can reduce the survivability rate of Javan rhinos.
Why is the Javan rhino endangered? The best answer is their population. Due to small numbers of the population, they aren’t likely to survive the competition in nature. Not to mention there’s habitat loss. Forest clearance is the main issue. The government should think twice before releasing Javan rhinos to the wild. Currently, the rhinos are safe in Ujung Kulon conservation. The Indonesian government is looking for new and safe habitats for the rhinos now.
More about Javan Rhino
When it comes to physical appearances, Javan rhinos have a grey color. There are some small dotted mosaics in their skin, as well. Their horn isn’t too long. In fact, the females rarely have a horn. Their weight is around 1000-2000 kg. What about the length? It’s about 2-4 meters. Also, they can reach 1.8 m in height. The sexual maturity of the male rhino is at the age of 10. The females reach sexual maturity faster than males. Another unique part is their lips, they have a pointy upper lip. They use it to reach twigs and leaves.
Overall, Javan rhino belongs to one of the most endangered animals on Earth. There are no more than 300 of them around the world. The government in Indonesia is working hard to increase Javan rhino’s population. Currently, poaching isn’t a big issue. The only threats are natural disasters, reduction in survivability abilities, and the low number of the population itself. Since Ujung Kulon conservation can’t carry more Javan rhinos, the government should find new alternatives.